Despite the convenience that modern garages are constructed with, a homeowner’s neglect can easily undo the ease-of-use of garage doors.
Due to the garage door’s massive size and weight, daily use of the garage door can misplace various components in the system.
Hence, maintenance is necessary in keeping all components of the garage door system in tip-top shape to ensure the garage door’s functionality at all times.
What’s more, you don’t need to rely on hiring a professional to perform basic maintenance on your garage door; you can actually do it safely.
To learn how to adjust garage door springs and cables on your own without harm, read further.
What Do Garage Door Springs Do?
Garage doors are very heavy; thus, they need a specific component that helps in lifting and lowering them during garage door opener cycles.
Although the opener is what prompts the door to open and close, the specific components that actually do the heavy-lifting of garage doors are the tension springs.
When the door is lowered, the spring is actually under tremendous tension, which is released when the door is opened.
Due to this, most tension failures occur while the door is closed or during operation, when the spring undergoes different levels of tension.
What Do Garage Door Cables Do?
Garage door cables go hand in hand with tension springs; the tension springs do the main lifting, while the cable provides assistance.
However, cables actually have another important role besides assisting in opening and closing the garage door.
Because springs undergo constant tension, it wears fast and can break apart violently, resulting in spring failure.
Spring failure is very dangerous, as the impact of the spring breaking apart can cause severe injuries, even death.
To prevent this situation, garage door cables are attached to prevent spring recoil, which allows a well-cabled spring to simply fall down in case of spring failure.
Adjusting Garage Door Springs and Cables
Garage door springs and cables play vital roles in the whole operation of garage door opener systems.
Hence, it is necessary to inspect these components and perform maintenance regularly.
If you notice that these components might need some tinkering, below are steps on how to adjust garage door springs and cables on your own safely:
What You’ll Need
Be sure to be equipped with the following items:
- Safety Glasses
- Hard Hat
Step 1: Safety Precaution
Prior to adjusting the springs and cable, ensure to wear all safety equipment and fully open the garage door to release the tension in the springs.
After, attach C-clamps on both sides of the track right under the bottom of the door to prevent the door from falling.
Lastly, release the opener from the drive chain by pulling the rope at the attachment of the machine to the garage door mechanism.
Step 2: Adjust Your Garage Door Springs
Before getting to adjusting, be knowledgeable of the springs that your garage door utilizes.
- Torsion Springs – These springs are typically found on top of and run parallel to the garage door.
- Side-Mounted Extension Springs – These springs run parallel to the track and are easier to adjust compared to torsion springs.
Taking advantage of the lack of tension in the spring, use the stepladder to boost yourself up and detach the spring hook from the track hanger.
To adjust the springs’ tension, simply move the spring hook to a different hole on the hanger.
Moving the spring hook to a hole higher up on the track should increase and tighten the tension; on the other hand, moving it to a lower hole should reduce the spring tension.
Step 3: Adjust Your Garage Door Cable
The cable should run around the garage door’s frame, and one end should be wrapped around the rollers while the other end is tied around a clip or hook.
To adjust the cable, release the end tied to the clip or hook and move it a hole lower than it to make it tauter.
If the cable is still slack and you can’t move the hook further down, use pliers to loosen the cable bracket and pull the excess cable.
After getting rid of the slack, retighten the cable bracket and reattach the cable’s hook to one of the holes in the frame.
Step 4: Test Your Garage Door
After adjusting both the springs and cable, plug your opener back to the mechanism and remove the C-clamps.
Then, run the opener through a full cycle and observe for any abnormality.
If the system is running more smoothly, then you’ve succeeded in the adjustment.